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Reading Recovery


Reading Recovery is a highly effective short-term intervention of one-to-one tutoring for low-achieving first graders. The intervention is most effective when it is available to all students who need it and is used as a supplement to good classroom teaching.

Reading Recovery serves the lowest-achieving first graders—the students who are not catching on to the complex set of concepts that make reading and writing possible.

Individual students receive a half-hour lesson each school day for 12 to 20 weeks with a specially trained Reading Recovery teacher. As soon as students can meet grade-level expectations and demonstrate that they can continue to work independently in the classroom, their lessons are discontinued, and new students begin individual instruction.



Reading Recovery’s evidence
Among all programs reviewed, Reading Recovery received the highest rating in general reading achievement, and positive or potentially positive ratings across all four domains — alphabetics (phonics and phonemic awareness), fluency, comprehension, and general reading achievement. The report includes an improvement index to reflect the strength of the Reading Recovery intervention. Scores on this index can range from -50 to +50.